Blog: Positive Discipline Workshop
Thanks to generous support from the TMS Annual Fund, I was able to attend a two-day workshop last month in New York City on Positive Discipline in the Montessori Classroom. It was held at the Westside Montessori School and led by renowned facilitator, Chip DeLorenzo, along with other Montessorians around the country. We had the opportunity to participate in many discussion-based sessions from which I gained valuable knowledge and insight about effective teaching tools. These tools help build responsibility, independence, motivation and empathy within classroom communities. I would like to share some of these with our TMS community (notes from the workshop have been used).
Positive Discipline is a program based on the work of Alfred Adler and Rudolf Dreikurs (20th century psychiatrists and educators) who believed that children could become responsible, respectful and resourceful members of their community. Positive Discipline teaches adults to use both kindness and firmness that is neither punitive nor permissive.
Children who feel secure and trustworthy can learn to cooperate rather than be manipulative, especially when they know they can trust adults who mean what they say and who follow-through with respect.
Adults often use consequences to control or punish, which can be one reason why children see consequences as punishment. Appropriate follow-through is an effective and alternative way to avoid this dilemma. With younger children, non-verbal follow-through is more effective. This tool works best with repeated behaviors.
Steps for Follow-Through
- Find a time when you and the child can give the matter your full attention.
- Have a friendly discussion and share information about what is going on for both the parent/teacher and the child regarding the problem.
- Make a decision (with the child, if appropriate) about what you will do in the future.
- When the issue arises again, the parent/teacher simply follows through with a brief statement of fact, such as, “We had an agreement,” or “It’s time to go inside.”
Suggestions for Effective Follow-Through
- Agreed-upon solutions or consequences should be logical, respectful and helpful long-term.
- When appropriate, be specific about deadlines and consequences.
- Keep comments very concise. (“I notice you didn’t_______. Would you please do that now.”)
- In response to objections ask, “What was our agreement?”
- In response to further objections, be quiet and use nonverbal communication to follow through: point to the item that needs to be picked up; smile knowingly; take the child kindly by hand and lead them to/away from the issue.
- When the child concedes to the agreement, express honest appreciation. (“Thank you for keeping our agreement.”)
Traps that Defeat Follow-Through
- Wanting children or teens to have the same priorities as adults.
- Getting into judgements and criticism instead of sticking to the issue.
- Not getting agreements in advance (including specified time deadlines when applicable, for instance).
- Discussing the issue right after it happens. (The positive solution: Find a time to relax, and then discuss it with your child in order to come to an agreement.)
Follow-through simply means acting upon what you said, without lecturing, using constant reminders (nagging) or punishment. By using this tool, in a kind and firm manner, parents/teachers find it possible to meet the needs of the situation while maintaining dignity and respect for all concerned.
Acting, rather than talking, helps students understand that for every opportunity or freedom they have, there is a degree of responsibility attached. For example, a child has the opportunity to play with a toy or work with a material respectfully. If the child’s behavior is disrespectful then he/she should lose the privilege to use the toy or the material. This agreement is only effective if the consequence is enforced with kind and firm follow-through. The child will have another opportunity to use the toy or the material again upon demonstrating responsible behavior needed to use it with respect.
For reading materials on Positive Discipline, please contact Mrs Sutapa Bakshi, TMS Children’s House Guide.